Saturn

Saturn is Everything

My Uncle recently told me -

“Saturn is everything”

He didn’t really tell me why. So I explored the subject and found some pretty disturbing stuff. I researched the origin of Saturn, starting with the Roman God Saturn, following his equivalents further and further back through time...


Saturn (Saturnus)

Saturn was a major Roman god of agriculture, the harvest, liberation and time. He held a sickle or a scythe in his left hand and a bundle of wheat in his right. His mother's name was Helen, or Hel.

Saturn’s reign was depicted as a “Golden Age” of peace and harmony, he was thus a god of wealth, and the Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury. In memory of the Golden Age, the Feast of Saturnalia was held every year during the Winter Solstice. At this time no war could be declared, slaves and masters ate at the same table, executions were postponed and gifts were exchanged. Under Saturn's rule, humans enjoyed the spontaneous bounty of the Earth without labour, in a state of social equality. The revelries of Saturnalia were supposed to reflect the conditions of a temporary release from civilised constraint. Christians adopted the feast and renamed it Christmas.

The Romans identified Saturn with the Greek Cronus, whose myths were adapted. In particular, Cronus's role in the genealogy of the Greek gods was transferred to Saturn. Two consorts represented different aspects of Saturn. The name of his wife Ops, the Roman equivalent of Greek Rhea, means "wealth, abundance, and resources”. Then there was his association with Lua, which means “destruction and dissolution”, a goddess who received the bloodied weapons of enemies destroyed in war.

Cronus_2
A statue of Saturn, his scythe and hourglass eerily reminiscent of the Grim Reaper

I find it odd that Saturn, a god who ushered in the ‘Golden Age’ of man, would be associated with a destruction goddess…


Cronus or Kronos

Cronus was the leader and youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the Earth, and Uranus, the sky. According to classic Greek mythology, Uranus was overthrown by his son, Cronus, who ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until Cronus was overthrown by his son, Zeus. Zeus imprisoned Cronus in Tartarus.

What is Tartarus? Below Uranus (sky), Gaia (earth), and Pontus (sea) is Tartarus or Tartaros. It is a deep pit or abyss beneath the underworld, used as a dungeon of torment and suffering. Plato wrote that souls were judged after death, those souls who would receive punishment were sent to Tartarus – so it’s Hell basically…

But, hang on – he may have overthrown his father, but doesn’t Cronus deserve a bit of credit for the Golden Age? Cronus knew he was destined to be overthrown by his sons, just as he had overthrown his father. As a result, he devoured all his children as soon as they were born – the gods Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Hades and Poseidon, all conceived by Rhea. Rhea hid their sixth child, Zeus, as part of her plan with Gaia for retribution.

Kronos+Rubens_saturn
So Saturn eats babies…


El

EL, equivalent to the Hurrian god Kumarbi and Greek god Cronus, was the chief deity of the West Semites of ancient Near East and Northeast Africa. Ancient Semitic religion, including Canaanite religion, was strongly influenced by Mesopotamian and Egyptian mythology. El was usually portrayed as an elderly man with wings and a long beard. He was known as “Tôru ‘Ēl” meaning “Bull Ēl" or "the bull god". Indeed, the bull was symbolic of El and his son Baal Hadad, and they wore bull horns on their headdresses.

For Canaanites (who lived in the ancient Levant) in particular, El was the supreme god, creator of all creatures, father of mankind and head of the pantheon (other Gods). He was called “Creator/Possessor of Heaven and Earth”, the highest judge and authority in all divine matters and human affairs. His sons – Hadad, Yam and Mot – each share similar attributes to the Greco-Roman gods – Zeus, Poseidon and Hades respectively.

Cronus’s role in Greek mythology almost feels like a step down!

El is continually identified with the God “Yahweh”. In the Bible, it is Yahweh who delivered Israel from Egypt and gave Moses the Ten Commandments. Yahweh revealed himself to Israel as the LORD, prohibiting idols and the worship of other gods. It is almost certain that the God of the Jews evolved from the Canaanite El.

Genesis 33:20 – “el elohe yisrael” means "El the god of Israel"
Genesis 46:3 – “ha'el elohe abika” means "El the god of your father"

On Wikipedia, when you click ‘Yahweh’ is says –

“Yahweh was not a Canaanite god, and modern scholars see him originating in Edom...”

Click ‘Edom’ and it says under ‘Religion’ –

“The nature of Edomite religion before their conversion to Judaism is largely unknown. As close relatives of other Levantine Semites, they may have worshiped such gods as El…”

The Canaanites and Edomites, both being Levantine Semites, most likely had the same Gods. I don’t like being messed about – Yahweh is El.

Anyway…

The Bible says that the Israelites escaped from Egypt and met Yahweh on a mountain-top in the wilderness, where they agreed to become his chosen people, and conquered Canaan with his help. There is archaeological evidence of an Israelite community appearing in the highlands of Canaan.

So it turns out that the Jewish God, and by extension the Christian God, originated from El, who is Cronus/Saturn. An interesting turn of events, which has me questioning –

Why is the equivalent of the Judaeo-Christian God damned to Hell for eating babies in Greek mythology? Where did the Greeks get this idea?


Moloch

Moloch was a sun god worshipped by the Canaanites, Phoenicians and other related cultures in North Africa and the Levant. He was represented as a large bonze statue with a bull’s head. The statue was hollow and a fire was lit inside. Parents would sacrifice their children, burning them alive, to appease Moloch. The child was placed in the statue’s outstretched hands, which were scortching hot, and the child screamed as the hands were raised to its mouth. Moloch appeared to be eating as the child fell into the fire. This is described in the Old Testament as –

"passing through the fire to Molech…" (Leviticus 18:21)

moloch666
Moloch or Molech

Many believe, however, that Moloch isn’t actually a god, but a specific form of sacrifice. It’s all about grammar lost in translation –

The Hebrew letters
מלך (mlk) usually stand for melek or “king”, but when vocalised as mōlek in Masoretic Hebrew text (authoritative Hebrew text of the Jewish Bible), they have been traditionally understood as a proper name Μολοχ (molokh). The form usually appears in the compound lmlk. The Hebrew preposition l- means "to", but it can often mean "for" or "as a(n)". Accordingly one can translate lmlk as "to Moloch” or "for Moloch" or "as a Moloch" or "to the Moloch" or "for the Moloch" or "as the Moloch", whatever a "Moloch" or "the Moloch" might be.

“passing through the fire ‘as a’ Molech…” has a completely different meaning.

So if Moloch isn’t a god, and there is no evidence that Baal was ever the recipient of human sacrifice in Canaanite religion, to whom were these people sacrificing their children?

Ezekiel 20:25-26 –

“I also gave them statutes that were not good, and ordinances by which they could not live. I caused them to sin by their (own) gifts, by causing (them) to pass through (the fire) all who open the womb (i.e. the firstborn), in order that I might horrify them, in order that they might know that I am Yahweh.”

This passage directly indicates that Yahweh commanded such sacrifices. Child sacrifice was a traditional Canaanite – and hence Israelite – practice, and mlk sacrifices were devoted to Yahweh, the Judaeo-Christian God of today.

idol-moloch
El “the bull god”, aka Yahweh

The Greeks recorded what they observed – look back at my description of child sacrifice to Moloch, who we now know to be El/Yahweh. The statue would appear to eat the children, hence Cronus eating children in Greek mythology.

So Saturn really is everything, and it’s made me wonder…

Just who are we worshipping?